I had been out of work for about three months, and I felt, at the time, I needed to get an edge and try to rejoin the workforce. NARRATOR: That's exactly what the governor envisions: energy technology as a whole new industry employing huge numbers of people. 60 likes. The battery also charges when the driver hits the brake. And there is no doubt that when it comes to wind and sun, California is blessed. But then again, if clean technologies take off, there might be a boom in windmills or renewables, so I don't think it's a zero-sum game. NARRATOR: On NOVA's Energy Web site, follow one of our staff members as she tries to reduce her own energy use. That's an additional $12,000 that you're spending that comes out of the bottom line. Also, hear more from the governor, a scientist and a skeptic. NARRATOR: Willie Mae Payne knows just what he means. NARRATOR: In the Tehachapi, Oak Creek Energy has installed the first of 1,500 new turbines that could replace the capacity of nine coal power plants, if certain problems can be solved. You get a good amount of power in a wind turbine like this. And when they can't get it, it raises one alarming specter. Far from saving the state, the governor will destroy it. NARRATOR: And the predicted effects of climate change seem especially dire in California: a 50 percent increase in the frequency of drought-induced forest fires; a sharp rise in heat waves and related deaths; millions of acres of coastal land threatened by rising seas; and a steep decline of the Sierra snow pack, the major source of water for California's cities and farms. VIJAY VAITHEESWARAN: Sure, there'll be some job losses. Their family has been in the mattress business for decades, but with the increasing costs of materials, times are very tough. NARRATOR: The Big Energy Gamble , up next on NOVA. Introducing NOVA Now, a new podcast digging into the science behind the headlines. VIJAY VAITHEESWARAN ( The Economist ) : There's no question that California is rolling the dice with its energy policies. BILL NYE (Science Educator) : Now, this is a hybrid car. That has put the focus onto one particular kind of car, the hybrid. What's great about that is most Americans only drive 25 miles a day. NARRATOR: After years of being out front and alone, Schwarzenegger seems to be finding support in Washington for his vision that developing a green economy, far from being a drain, may be a path to prosperity. NARRATOR: Clearly renewables could bring growth and jobs to California, but both the technological and financial challenges are very real. Historically, it's regulation, like the new auto emissions standards California is proposing, that will achieve real reductions. California has got the biggest chunk of its greenhouse gas emissions from vehicles of any state. As far as I look at it, I think this is the new dot-com, green jobs. One of the big issues is that for solar and wind, in particular, they are intermittent. MARLO LEWIS: Energy is the lifeblood of a modern economy, and electricity, in particular, is becoming more important, as we as we move further and further into the information age, the digital economy. Because it recaptures energy that regular cars throw away, a hybrid gets more miles per gallon. In the past, efficiency has been a safe investment, with a guaranteed payback. ARNOLD SCHWARZENEGGER: I don't think that the rest of the country has time to wait and to see if we are successful. You do that in all of these little small businesses, you can make a big difference. STEVEN CHU: As long as the lawyers and the lobbyists are part of this, progress isn't going to be made. NARRATOR: But delivering these innovations will take years. This hybrid, the Prius, averages 50 and emits 35 percent less CO 2 than a similar-sized car. Now it's more critical than ever to distinguish fact from fiction. Janice Flood Legal Counsel Susan Rosen Production Assistant Ryan Murdock Post Production Assistant Darcy Forlenza Associate Producer, Post Production Patrick Carey Post Production Supervisor Regina O'Toole Post Production Editors Rebecca Nieto Jason York Post Production Manager Nathan Gunner Compliance Manager Linzy Emery Development Producer Pamela Rosenstein Supervising Producer Stephen Sweigart Business Manager Joseph P. Tracy Senior Producer and Project Director Lisa Mirowitz Coordinating Producer Laurie Cahalane Senior Science Editor Evan Hadingham Senior Series Producer Melanie Wallace Managing Director Alan Ritsko Senior Executive Producer Paula S. Apsell, A NOVA Production by Production Group, Inc. for WGBH Boston, The Big Energy Gamble homepage Image: (Arnold Schwarzenegger on rooftop) © Andrew Gombert/epa/Corbis. A payback in 10 years, in 12 years, that's too long for a small business like ours. They feel like it's just an eco-elite agenda for, maybe, the Hollywood crowd. ED BEGLEY: I did it to save the Earth; I did it because of the first Earth Day; I did it for a number of reasons. They say that the people of California will pay a price for his green revolution. Still, they're sold out for the next three years, and there are many potential clients. So, here, the governor is acting at his boldest. Forty-five percent of the state's electricity comes from natural gas, but natural gas still emits CO 2 —about half as much as coal. Right now a hybrid is at least $5,000 more expensive than an equivalently-sized conventional car. Hard as it is to swallow, cutting-edge theories are suggesting that our universe may not be the only universe. TOM AUSTIN: There've been a lot of studies about what people are willing to pay for higher fuel economy. STEVEN CHU: With renewables, we don't know how to store the energy. What's really remarkable is that these types of places we thought of as high deserts, but in fact they're a remarkable place and an opportunity to start a clean energy revolution. Renewable energy is becoming cheaper than from fossil fuels. This is the final product. ED BEGLEY: One of the biggest-bang-for-your buck items you can have is compact fluorescent lighting. This is our Saudi Arabia, right here. Use one of the services below to sign in to PBS: You've just tried to add this video to My List. Still, the governor has high hopes for renewables. Frankly, almost all the cars of the future, whatever fuel they use, are going to use hybrid technology because it's just more efficient. NARRATOR: The state's public utilities commission estimates the shift to renewables over the next 12 years could mean as much as $60 billion in additional costs. But California has something no other state does; its governor, Arnold Schwarzenegger, once a Terminator, is now an eco-warrior. JACOB WOODRUFF: This is what you end up with. Major funding for NOVA is provided by the David H. Koch Fund for Science, the NOVA Science Trust, the Corporation for Public Broadcasting, and PBS viewers. CAROLYN COQUILLETTE: Basically, if you can do most of your trips within those short distances and you can recharge between trips, you might not have to use any gasoline at all; I mean indefinitely. Nova Energy | 1,359 followers on LinkedIn. You just can't do it without that. Nova Energy Drink L.L.C.-Optimize Your Day Responsibly: Nova Energy Drink is for adults 18 years or older. Innovations like these, ultimately, will reduce CO 2 emissions and costs. So you can talk to a local person when you need to talk to Nova. For Jim and Myra and their 60 employees, the prospect of a large hike in electricity rates is terrifying. SOLAR RICHMOND TRAINEE: What does that start out with, your hourly wages? NARRATOR: Begley and Nye are not just exceptions. He promises no one will suffer, but some think he is leading the state towards disaster. That is the plug-in, hybrid, electrified vehicle. But over the next 12 years, the governor plans to subsidize efficiency improvements for almost every low-income household in California, at a cost of some $4 billion. Find the latest Sunnova Energy International In (NOVA) stock quote, history, news and other vital information to help you with your stock trading and investing. And it's already starting to happen in California. NARRATOR: But grid managers have to predict it. Southern California Edison is testing a similar setup. California now has four reactors producing 15 percent of its power, but there's an obstacle to building any more. NARRATOR: This friendly competition isn't just socially responsible, it's money in their pockets. However, I am not financially able and neither are many of my neighbors. By 2020 he would need millions of hybrids on the road, or millions of plug-ins. MAN: There was flames 100-foot high, blowing across the road both directions. And yes, that's where the action is. It is made up of Copper Indium Gallium diSelenide, or CIGS, for short. And private car ownership is continuing to rise. Most communities like Richmond are not even involved. Its investors are betting on one thing... MARTIN ROSCHEISEN (Nanosolar, Inc.) : ...the sheer size of the market. NARRATOR: The man they call "the governator," California's Arnold Schwarzenegger, is waging war. The Big Energy Gamble Written and Produced by Larry Klein Consulting Producer Matthew Barrett Produced by Cass Sapir Edited by David Fairhead Nathan Hendrie Doug Quade Narrated by Jay O. Sanders Camera Bob Elfstrom Gordon Brown Michael Chin Joseph Friedman Tom Kaufman Peter Krajewski Sound Recordists Ray Day Jeff Adelman Doug Dunderdale Charlie Macarone Gabriel Monts Charles Rohr Paul Rusnak Gaffers Andrew Eckmann John South Jib Operator Joe Victoria Production Assistants Marshall Potter Brandon DePaolo Rich Enriquez Daniel Gorrell Austin Smoak Aerial Camera Operator Carston Bell Music John Dutton Tom Martin Michael Bacon Animation Sputnik Animation James LaPlante Online Editor and Colorist Michael H. Amundson Audio Mix Jim Sullivan Archival Material Angel City Air BBC Motion Gallery Clipper Windpower, Inc. Corbis FootageBank HD Getty Images ITN Archive REpower Systems AG, Germany UN Visual Library, Department of Public Information Special Thanks Doug Arent Marilyn Brown Ralph Cavanagh Ed Duggan Niki Fenwick Brett Guge Michael Honig Ed Kjaer Paul Klein Henry Lee Richard Newell Orchard Hotel, San Francisco Dan Reicher Gene Rodrigues David Roland-Holst Joseph Romm Arthur H. Rosenfeld Todd Schatzki Stephen Selkowitz Abbe Serphos Harley Shaiken David Thurm Bill Weihl Monet Zulpo-Dane NOVA Series Graphics yU + co. NOVA Theme Music Walter Werzowa John Luker Musikvergnuegen, Inc. Additional NOVA Theme Music Ray Loring Rob Morsberger Closed Captioning The Caption Center Publicity Carole McFall Eileen Campion Victoria Louie Karinna Sjo-Gaber Karen Laverty Marketing Steve Sears Researcher Kate Becker Senior Researcher Gaia Remerowski Production Coordinator Linda Callahan Paralegal Sarah Erlandson Talent Relations Scott Kardel, Esq. Nanosolar is one of the new "thin film" solar companies. You know, they're not, they're not going to feel you. This country has no more time. It's a delicate and complex industrial process. It all runs on electrons. It also has extra batteries hidden in a storage chamber beneath the trunk that can be charged by plugging into an ordinary outlet. At Nova Energy our mission is to provide our clients with highly effective energy related inventory management and financial services. There's some short-term costs, but the long-term payoff is going to be tremendous for California and for all Californians. NARRATOR: Fears of radioactivity go deep in California. You might know Nova Energy as the New Zealand-owned company that provides great value energy to Kiwi families and businesses. It’s not in the papers but a silent revolution is moving across the world. These are the jobs of the future. Nova Energy. Greenhouse gas emissions are, at this point in time, a fairly theoretical problem. Nova Energy is a New Zealand owned-and operated energy retailer, servicing homes and businesses across the country. I predict that if we implement AB 32, over the next several years, as the increased energy costs kick in, you will begin to see job flight and capital flight from California. This is my rain barrel. Most scientists say that this extra heat will alter the planet's climate. The Secret Life of Scientists and Engineers. NARRATOR: G.M., Ford, Toyota and other manufacturers have all announced plans to produce these cars of the future. And it's the only thing that's scalable and large enough that you can power modern society on. As a … Sealing leaks in ducts and windows, adding insulation and changing light bulbs would be enough. MARLO LEWIS: Energy prices will go up. ARNOLD SCHWARZENEGGER: In my heart, I had the will and I had the passion for doing something for the environment. These targets, most scientists say, must be met by the entire world, to avoid the worst effects of global warming. NARRATOR: Here's an example of a new opportunity for workers like Rodney Lee, who entered a training program to learn how to install solar panels. Over the last 35 years, efficiency improvements have saved Californians over $50 billion. Can you survive the bigger costs in gas, fuel, electricity? NARRATOR: To its advocates, nuclear power is the perfect alternative. VAN JONES: There's no way to beat global warming without weatherizing millions and millions of buildings. NARRATOR: But Schwarzenegger needs to convince Californians to resist the lure of such gas guzzlers, because he plans to achieve the biggest part of his reduction—over 33 percent of his total target—by slashing car emissions. And this laboratory became a premier institution for energy efficiency in the mid-'70s and beyond. NARRATOR: So this is the full extent of the governor's gamble. Many people who could not consume other caffeinated products, including coffee and sodas, showed this product to their doctors. NARRATOR: As a new administration in Washington maps out a national energy policy, all eyes are set squarely on California. VIJAY VAITHEESWARAN: The plug-in part is the genius behind it. And you can't be in a neighborhood like this talking about "let's save the polar bears." For individual Nova Energy reviews, scroll below. NARRATOR: Chuck DeVore is working in the California legislature to overturn this ban. JIM MALKIEWICZ: Let's add these costs up: let's say we're spending $4,000 a month on energy; that's $50,000 a year. NARRATOR: The result: a solar cell that's nearly as efficient as silicon and a lot cheaper. NARRATOR: California: 38 million people live here; it's the most populated state and the eighth largest economy on the planet. It's operated from central control rooms, like this one in Rosemead, California. DANIEL KAMMEN: California and nuclear power have a very complicated relationship, starting with the fact that it's just plain illegal to build nuclear here. TOM AUSTIN (Sierra Research, Inc.) : Regulators tend to think of automobiles as an appliance. And the key technology bringing them together is the electric car. The California Energy Commission says the total cost to a typical household could be as little as $1,500. As Governor of California, Arnold Schwarzenegger launches a dramatic and controversial program to slash carbon dioxide emissions and promote energy efficiency. MARTIN ROSCHEISEN: This tool produces rolls that are one mile long, and we produce many rolls of those per day. The problem? Schwarzenegger has placed himself and California right in the middle of a debate that is raging across the globe. Find it on PBS.org. NARRATOR: There are more hybrids in California than any other state. RODNEY LEE: Starting rate for, maybe, a junior installer? Today he's in Richmond, a low-income area between San Francisco and Sacramento. This Lab investigates what energy is, how it can be converted into useful forms, and why some sources are running low. NARRATOR: On NOVA's Energy Web site, follow one of our staff members as she tries to reduce her own energy use. PBS is a 501(c)(3) not-for-profit organization. Major funding for NOVA is provided by the David H. Koch Fund for Science, the NOVA Science Trust, the Corporation for Public Broadcasting, and PBS viewers. California has, over the last several decades, shown a real leadership position in energy efficiency. Federal tax credits do exist, but the extra cost discourages many people. NARRATOR: And that's the issue. The main shaft turns a gearbox which ratchets up the speed for a generator to produce electricity. But that is not the only problem. I looked over there, I stopped my car, and I said, "I got to have this car.". There's solar power, there's wind power. Nova Energy. It even takes on cars, in a place where the car is king. To some people they are the most important possession in their life. STEVEN CHU: I have to say, I'd rather see renewed investment in nuclear power plant generation of electricity in this century, than to build more coal plants. One of them was to help the environment, but the other is to save money. STEVEN CHU: Having these very aggressive goals is actually a very good stimulus. Even just down the road, in Silicon Valley, Google has already invested in solar to power its large campus and save money on electric bills. Can California's ambitious plan to cut greenhouse gases actually succeed? Why use Nova Energy? And, of course, the obvious reason is people do have to get around, and that's the only way you can get around. ARCHIVAL FOOTAGE: The state has to build and maintain 14,000 miles of highway for over 2,000,000 California cars alone. Nova Energy, Inc | 22 followers on LinkedIn. The more carbon, the more carbon dioxide is released, and coal has the most carbon of any fossil fuel. No one will have to sacrifice here.". We cannot process prescriptions. NARRATOR: The vicious pincer of higher costs at a time of recession has devastated their profit margins. NARRATOR: What is abundantly clear to Jim and Myra is that what applies to Google or California Steel just isn't an option for the small businesses that employ half of all working Californians. Achieving efficiencies in homes and buildings seems more attainable, but only with huge up-front costs and subsidies. And how it makes you feel is altogether something else. He's never seen it this difficult. We need science to find carbon-free sources of energy. In some of the areas, like here, this has become a least-cost way to produce power. Instead, it may be just one of an infinite number of worlds that make up the multiverse. And others feel nuclear, while expensive, could provide a crucial bridge of reliable power while the technological problems of renewables are figured out. You've got extremely low-income people. NARRATOR: Over the years, no one has sold more of these cars than Cal Worthington. It's a real issue. Mass transit accounts for less than one percent of his emissions cuts. STEVEN CHU: The wonderful thing about California is that the entire state is engaged on the climate change problem. There's one that Californians have been hesitant to explore, but the governor is an advocate. Coal can be burnt to release energy when you need it, but what do you do if the sun doesn't shine and the wind doesn't blow? That's the genius of the green economy: it creates more opportunities than the pollution-based economy, not less, more economic opportunity. Today, there are over 24 million of them on the road. Another 15 percent will come from changes to how power is generated. Renewable power generation is the final challenge. 2 likes. VIJAY VAITHEESWARAN: The concern about rising prices is a legitimate one, but, to me, that's no crisis. And you can see, this is a finished product. Ed Begley has an all-electric car that plugs in. This classification allows us to provide financial services of securing buy and sell positions in both futures and options markets. People like many in the community of Richmond, California. They're down to just three percent. And that's a gigawatt of power, of, basically, a nuclear power plant's worth of power, per year. To many, it is a religion. NARRATOR: But now, Arnold Schwarzenegger is responsible for one of the most visionary—some might say radical—environmental programs in the world, aimed at reversing climate change. So far, the state has only one in operation. ARNOLD SCHWARZENEGGER: I knew that we should not just look at it as this little place and at only the things that we can contribute, but what power we have to push the country, the United States and the whole world forward. NARRATOR: But technology alone isn't enough. We have incredible intellectual capital in the United States. NARRATOR: Van Jones is an environmental activist. Additional funding for "The Big Energy Gamble" is provided by the Delacour Family Foundation. Operated energy retailer, servicing homes and buildings seems more attainable, but the only.... Are the same targets President Obama has proposed recaptures energy that regular cars throw away, scientist. Most important possession in their life is to save money to upgrade her windows, but until she her! Signs a new Zealand owned and operated company, Nanosolar, Inc. ): how about a used..: action, action but the long-term payoff is going to feel you one percent of his cuts! 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