9. . Before leaving Haggai 2:6, it is appropriate to notice that when God speaks of the redemption of men, it is always done in prospect of Final Judgment and God's execution of his wrath upon rebellious humanity. Haggai 2:7 It is with great reluctance that we refrain from capitalizing the word “desire” here, thus making the phrase point directly to the Messiah, as has been the accepted interpretation through many centuries until modern times. "Yet once more ..." raises the question of what was the first occasion of God's shaking the earth and the heavens, etc.? 10. four and twentieth day . and how do ye see it now? Each of us must walk in the light we have. . Ye are disappointed at the absence of these precious metals in the adorning of this temple, as compared with the first temple: If I pleased I could adorn this temple with them, but I will adorn it with a "glory" ( Haggai 2:7 Haggai 2:9 ) far more precious; namely, with the presence of My divine Son in His veiled glory first, and at His second coming with His revealed glory, accompanied with outward adornment of gold and silver, of which the golden covering within and without put on by Herod is the type. Also, he built a temple, as Christ built the far greater Temple of his Church. In the cosmic view, it will indeed be but a short time until God concludes the affairs of men. Being worn on the finger, it was an object of constant regard. ? It is that "peace" mentioned at the conclusion of Haggai 2:9. But when two nouns stand together, of which one is governed by the other, the verb agrees sometimes in number with the latter, though it really has the former as its nominative, that is, the Hebrew "come" is made in number to agree with "nations," though really agreeing with "the desire." (3) The verb, "shall come," is plural, which requires the noun to be understood in the plural, whereas if Messiah be intended, the noun is singular. The Hebrew for "once" expresses the indefinite article "a" [MAURER]. The prophecy of Revelation further reveals that from the moment of Satan's being cast out of heaven and down to earth until the consummation of all things is but a "short time" (Revelation 12:12). Jump to: You people seem to have another objection, claiming that you are entitled to God's blessings already, because you have erected an altar and make sacrifices to God. "David's secure throne (that of Christ) is here contrasted with the tottering dynasties of the world."[28]. Well, how about the Med-fly in California this very day? This is mentioned first and is the principal feature of the whole passage, as indicated by the quotation and emphasis upon it by the inspired writer of Hebrews who wrote: Thus, the inspired New Testament confirms our understanding of this passage in Haggai as a reference to eternal judgment and the cosmic disturbances that shall mark the onset of that event. 19. The Jews before the destruction of Jerusalem all expected Messiah would appear in the second temple. Let’s find the first encouragement God gives the Jews to do his will. for I am with you--The greatest strength is to have Jehovah with us as our strength. The ancient covenant that God made with Abraham, promising to bless "all the people of the earth" through his "seed" (singular, which is Christ), will yet be honored by the Father. . how do ye see it now?--God's estimate of things is very different from man's ( Zechariah 8:6 ; compare 1 Samuel 16:7 ). Haggai 1:1-12. "In that day ..." injects a time element into the prophecy that made it impossible for Zerubbabel to have been the one designated as Messiah. Haggai 2:14. Ponder earnestly, retracing the past "upward" (that is, backward), comparing what evils heretofore befell you before ye set about this work, with the present time when you have again commenced it, and when in consequence I now engage to "bless you." One good apple cannot make a barrel of rotten apples good; and your little token of serving God is not nearly enough to entitle you to the presumption of holiness. Haggai 2:1-9 . This is the same ninth month, Chisleu, corresponding to November/December. After this appeal to lay to heart the past time during which the blessing had been withheld, Haggai called upon the people in Haggai 2:18 and Haggai 2:19 to fix their eyes upon the time which was commencing with that very day. Go up to the mountains; cut the timber, and get on with the work, now! "Peace" for mankind never yet came out of a Jewish temple. The Hebrew word here is "Shalom. Let's have none of that nonsense about the time not being ripe; do you suppose the times are ripe for you to live in your nice houses while the house of God lies in ruins ? Haggai 2:7. Not in man's "might," but in that of God's Spirit ( Zechariah 4:6 ). God will again be with you people, if you will only get to work doing your duty. The same date as Prophecy III ( Haggai 2:10 ). of This is apparently mentioned to indicate that: This passage is "unmistakably Messianic. Bible Commentary Haggai. For we saw his star when it rose 6 and have come to worship him.” 3 When King Herod 7 heard this he was alarmed, and all Jerusalem with him. The Hebrew for to "covenant" is literally "to cut," alluding to the sacrificial victims cut in ratification of a covenant. Masoretic Text: And Haggai answered and said, So [is] this people, and so [is] this nation before my face, [is the] announcement of YHWH, and so [is] all the work of their hands, and what they bring near [to offer] there—it [is] unclean. We find it in 1:1-12.Let’s read that. Since that time they invent various forced and false interpretations of such plain Messianic prophecies. Note also the deduction in Hebrews to the effect that the second "shaking" is to be infinitely more violent than the first, even to the extent of removing the material things that are shaken. One drop of filth will defile a vase of water: many drops of water will not purity a vase of filth [MOORE]. Using the laws of clean and unclean, God points out a principle that applies to Christians today. Arise, and build the Temple! Visit our library of inductive Bible studies for more in depth inductive studies on this and other books of the Bible you can use in your small group. Well, that is a very small thing; and holiness is not that contagious! The expression, "in that day," practically always a reference to the "last times," makes it impossible to refer the words here to the Zerubbabel known to Haggai. 1. seventh month--of the Hebrew year; in the second year of Darius reign ( Haggai 1:1 ); not quite a month after they had begun the work ( Haggai 1:15 ). The second, "the shaking of all nations" is the kind of upheaval among governments and societies that some suppose is meant by the first series of expressions. We’ll read that. God had promised the Messiah "through" them. We hold that the words were not Haggai's at all, but God's; and as Peter indicated (1 Peter 1:10-12), students in the present dispensation have a far better opportunity to understand what God wrote through that prophet than he did. . Haggai 2, Coffman Commentaries on the Bible, One of over 110 Bible commentaries freely available, this commentary, by the leading authority in the Church of Christ, presents a verse level look at the Bible. When the beast, and the dragon, and the false prophet shall gather all "the kings of the earth unto the war of the great God almighty" (Revelation 16:15. "[30] "Haggai, like Zechariah, saw in Zerubbabel the Messianic King,"[31] This was in the fullness of time fully vindicated as an authentic vision. "Six hundred talents of gold ($10,000,000.00) were used in overlaying the Holy of Holies alone. "In this place ..." As Keil accurately pointed out, "This place is not the temple, but the city of Jerusalem,"[19] from which place the word of the Lord went forth from Mount Zion. The seventh head of the great Scarlet Beast shall be succeeded by a period of the "ten horns," the multitude of kingdoms that shall eventually hate all religion. "Thus saith Jehovah of hosts: ask now the priests concerning the law, saying, If one bear holy flesh in the skirt of his garment, and with his skirt do touch bread, or pottage, or wine, or oil, or any food, shall it become holy? The previous shaking shall cause the yearning "desire" for the Prince of peace. "The word ... came the second time ..." is a reference to its having twice come on that particular day of the month (Haggai 2:18). "In that day, saith Jehovah of hosts, will I take thee, O Zerubbabel, my servant, the son of Shealtiel, saith Jehovah, and will make thee as a signet; for I have chosen thee, saith Jehovah of hosts.". "[4] The chief physical shortcoming, it appears, would have been in the height of the building. They are yearning for solutions, wisdom, power, understanding, vision, and love, and He is all those things. "According to the word which I covenanted with you when ye came out of Egypt, and my Spirit abode among you: fear ye not.". Hebrews 12:27 , "Yet once more," favors English Version. The very next verse would point to the true method of its accomplishment. David Guzik commentary on Haggai 2 declares the second word from God: the glory of the new temple, and the third: clean and unclean. The shaking began introductory to the first advent; it will be finished at the second. Thus, Haggai applied the analogy we have already discussed under the previous verses. Salvation and Judgment are the twin themes of these two Messianic prophecies here and in Haggai 1:1-9. As Barnes said, "This implies that there were those among them who had seen the first house in its glory, yet but few. THIRD PROPHECY. What they commanded in case (2) was already covered. As Hailey noted, "The Lord never had but one house in Jerusalem." 5. Israel did not have it, and they were not making it! "[2] The speculation that Haggai himself might have been among them is valid enough, but unprovable, as noted in our introduction. Zerubbabel stands in both of them. There has hardly been a generation of men upon the earth that did not witness the rise and fall of human kingdoms; and according to Christ this is a situation that will not change (Matthew 24:6-9). ( Ezra 3:10 Ezra 3:11 ); the foundation now laid was the secondary one, which, above the earth, was laid on the previous work [TIRINUS]. Haggai 2:19. "For thus saith Jehovah of hosts: Yet once, it is a little while, and I will shake the heavens, and the earth, and the sea, and the dry land; and I will shake all nations; and the precious things of all nations shall come; and I will fill this house with glory, saith Jehovah of hosts.". Did that automatically entitle the whole people and the entire land to be counted "holy"? [5] However, it was not merely the lesser height and volume of the new edifice that attested its inferiority, but the lack of all the extravagant adornment which had distinguished the first. Haggai 2:12. "[25], "And the word of Jehovah came the second time unto Haggai in the four and twentieth day of the month, saying, Speak to Zerubbabel, the governor of Judah, saying, I will shake the heavens and the earth.". "Peace ..." The RSV and other versions have rendered this word "prosperity" for no compelling reason; and again we are compelled to find fault with this type of tampering with the Word of God. It is competent in exegetical detail of a reformed nature, explaining much in the books, but disappointing … His prophets had foretold the birth of Christ in Bethlehem. The connection of it with Messiah more than counterbalanced all these; for He is the antitype to all the five ( Haggai 2:9 ). And now, I pray you, consider from this day and backward, before a stone was laid upon a stone in the temple of Jehovah.". Thus the "glory" consists in this "peace." A broad view of the human race on earth clearly reveals that the people who have honored God enjoy degrees of earthly prosperity unmatched and even unapproached by anything visible in those lands where paganism still prevails. my Spirit remaineth among you--to strengthen you for the work ( Haggai 1:14 , Zechariah 4:6 ). Get busy! Study the bible online using commentary on Haggai 2 and more! Haggai 2 Christian Standard Bible (CSB) Encouragement and Promise. See below for a summary of the entire prophecy: Wonderful things had happened to Israel, the people at that time being Judah and Benjamin alone, Ephraim and the northern tribes having been permanently removed from history. . ", "I will shake the heavens ... earth ... sea ... and dry land ...", "The precious things of all nations shall come; and I will fill this house with glory ...", "In this place will I give peace, saith Jehovah of hosts ...", "Ask now the priests concerning the law...", "Consider from this day and backward ...", "I will shake the heavens and the earth ...", "I will overthrow the throne of kingdoms ...". Christ is the "signet" on God's hand: always in the Father's presence, ever pleasing in his sight. Haggai 2. DISCUSSION QUESTIONS FOR HAGGAI 1-2. . So the paths to sin are manifold: the paths to holiness one, and that one of difficult access [GROTIUS]. So in Solomon 5:16 , "He is altogether lovely," in the Hebrew the same word as here, "all desires," that is, altogether desirable, or the object of desires. 4 Dr. Constable's Notes on Haggai 2020 Edition 561-60 Release of exiled king Jehoiachin A very similar thing was done by Malachi who stated that Elijah would come "before the great and notable day of the Lord" (Malachi 4:5), which prophecy had no reference whatever to literal Elijah, dead and buried for centuries, but on the other hand was a prophecy of John the Baptist who would come "in the spirit and power" of Elijah. Haggai reminds them that their presence in the Promised Land doesn't make everything they do holy. And the priests answered, "It will become unclean." 3. Who is left . The inferiority of the new edifice did not derive so much from the lateral dimensions of it, because Cyrus had ordered that the new Temple should even exceed the old one in size. (1-9) Their sins hindered the work. Read Haggai 2 commentary using Matthew Henry Commentary on the Whole Bible (Complete). 23. take thee--under My protection and to promote thee and thy people to honor ( Psalms 78:70 ). The reason: the people had not really become "holy" through the token beginning they had made. FOURTH PROPHECY. In fact, God, right now, is in the business of overthrowing kingdoms. If you think that little token rebuilding you started sixteen years ago does it, take a look; look at the failure of the wine, and the grain; and even when you got a little harvest, God blew it away; so get with it, and complete the Temple! Even so, "the proportions were not greatly inferior to those of the first temple. Haggai 2 Commentary, One of over 110 Bible commentaries freely available, this commentary has been relied on by millions in their daily studies for more than 90 years If you want better times, then do better in fulfilling your religious obligations. We have plenty of fungicides and insecticides; and the point is that, no matter what men have, or fancy they have, they must also have the blessing of Almighty God in order to make it. He brings these objections to applying "the desire of all nations" to Messiah: (1) The Hebrew means the quality, not the thing desired, namely, its desirableness or beauty, But the abstract is often put for the concrete. Godless Russia, possessing three fifths of the resources of the whole world today and unable to feed its population is a classical and current example. Vs. 2- Haggai's message was directed to the civic leaders, religious leaders and the people themselves. MAURER translates, "Consider . temple was laid--The first foundation beneath the earth had been long ago laid in the second year of Cyrus, 535 B.C. ninth month--three days more than two months from the second prophecy ( Haggai 2:1 ); in the month Chisleu, the lunar one about the time of our December. . The Hebrew supports English Version. 5-9. As long as a substantial proportion of a nation are God-fearing, honest, Christ-worshipping people, the land prospers, much of the prosperity spilling over to bless blatant and unrepentant sinners; but when the character of a whole nation is changed, the blessings of God are invariably withheld. If the priorities of our heart are wrong, nothing we do is really holy to God. The Jews note five points of inferiority: The absence from the second temple of (1) the sacred fire; (2) the Shekinah; (3) the ark and cherubim; (4) the Urim and Thummim; (5) the spirit of prophecy. "It is a reference to the shaking of the world at the descent of Jehovah upon Sinai to establish the giving of the covenant to Israel. ?" the priests--Propose this question to them on the law. The sinful nation would have to make some changes before blessings could be bestowed. And then, looking beyond that, in the days of the spread of Christianity all over the world, the kingly riches that were lavished upon worship of Christ in his holy church truly stagger the imagination. . first glory--Many elders present at the laying of the foundation of the second temple who had seen the first temple ( Ezra 3:12 Ezra 3:13 ) in all its glory, wept at the contrast presented by the rough and unpromising appearance of the former in its beginnings. Compare 1 Corinthians 3:12 , where gold and silver represent the most precious things ( Zechariah 2:5 ). Therefore, we apply Haggai 2:7 to God's true temple, the Church of Jesus Christ. Verse-by-Verse Bible Commentary Haggai 2:13. God's displeasure. Regarding this date, Dean wrote, "The ninth month is Chisleu, answering to parts of November and December. "Yet now be strong, O Zerubbabel, saith Jehovah; and be strong, O Joshua son of Jehozodak, the High Priest; and be strong, all ye people of the land, saith Jehovah, and work: for I am with you, saith Jehovah of hosts.". He will bring them all with Him. The destruction of the world kingdoms, and the arising of another Zerubbabel (Christ in the dispensation of the New Israel) are both presented here. Jesus Christ is the desire of all nations; people are yearning for Him, longing for Him, even though they do not know it. 2 In the seventh month, in the one and twentieth day of the month, came the word of the Lord by the prophet Haggai, saying, 2 Speak now to Zerubbabel the son of Shealtiel, governor of Judah, and to Joshua the son of Josedech, the high priest, and to the residue of the people, saying, "Once again, God will intervene in human affairs (shake the heavens and the earth). Shall need `` no temple '' ( Luke 2:10 ) of similar mercies to the manner of 's. 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